India Semiconductor Mission (ISM) UPSC

It is a component of a larger initiative to create a nationwide semiconductor and display ecosystem that is sustainable. The program's goal is to give businesses that invest in semiconductor, display manufacturing, and design ecosystems financial support.

India Semiconductor Mission (ISM) UPSC

India Semiconductor Mission (ISM)

The Design-Linked Incentive (DLI) program, a crucial component of the "Indian Semiconductor Mission" (ISM), is about to undergo its mid-term evaluation. Only seven of the program's intended 100 start-ups over a five-year period have been approved, prompting calls for a re-evaluation and potential rebirth of the initiative.

India hopes to become a worldwide center for semiconductors, but the scarcity of semiconductor chips has brought attention to supply chain weaknesses and underscored the need for expanding domestic production capacity.

Semiconductor

  • ¬†Any type of crystalline solids with an electrical conductivity that falls in between that of conductors and insulators is referred to as a semiconductor.
  • Several electrical devices, such as integrated circuits (ICs), diodes, and transistors, are made using semiconductors. These devices' low cost, energy efficiency, compact size, and dependability make them widely used.
  • As separate components, they are utilized in power devices, optical sensors, and light emitters, such as solid-state lasers.
  • Crystalline materials with four valence electrons on average make up semiconductors. Two typical elemental semiconductors used in electronic devices are silicon and germanium.

Introduction of the India Semiconductor Mission (ISM)

  • Under the auspices of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), ISM was introduced in 2021 at a cost of Rs 76,000 crore.
  • It is a component of a larger initiative to create a nationwide semiconductor and display ecosystem that is sustainable.
  • The program's goal is to give businesses that invest in semiconductor, display manufacturing, and design ecosystems financial support.
  • ISM is expected to serve as the central organization for the effective, cohesive, and seamless execution of the plans, guided by international specialists in the semiconductor and display sectors.